History of Blackjack
The original name of blackjack was called "twenty-one (21)" but no one knows the true origins. The game's history begins with reference in the story "Rinconete y Cortadillo". The story was about a group of cheaters who played in a game called "veintiuna", which is a Spanish word for "twenty-one". This suggests that the game has Spanish origins. The game is described as getting a score of 21 points without going over and that the ace had a value of one or eleven points. The game was historically played using a Spanish deck of cards, which had no tens. This game is actually called Spanish 21, which is one of many variations of the traditional blackjack.
Later on in history during the 1700's, blackjack was found popular in France. Then for the first time in history, blackjack finally made its way to the United States in the 1800's and it wasn't popular. In fact, the term "blackjack" was invented in the US. Since the game was not popular, gambling houses and casinos were trying to attract more players. So a payout of 10 to 1 was made when a player was dealt an initial hand that was made up of an Ace of Spades with either a jack of clubs or spades. The clubs and spades were both black suits, so the name "Black Jack" caught on. Eventually the rules were changed and a smaller blackjack bonus was paid for any ten and ace card.
Great Historical Figures in Blackjack History
There were a few people that were quite famous in blackjack and are worth noting. Some were professors who researched the game and others were great players of the game. In fact, some of them were mathematicians and computer scientists who invented the concept of card counting. Most notably is the MIT genius and some of the guys from IBM. There were also very influential authors of books about blackjack. Visit the list below to read about some of the most famous people in blackjack history and how this game became one of the most popular forms of gambling in the world.